from 2025 to 2030, then from 2030 to 2035). Over the past year, the 2015 Climate Transformation Agreement (ACT 2015) consortium has been working intensively to reflect on the fundamental elements of the Paris Agreement. The consortium of expert representatives from key geographical regions was formed to involve a wider group of stakeholders from around the world in the country, to inform thinking and to bring ideas into the formal negotiations. Efforts included dialogue with hundreds of people on five continents, as well as research and analysis of the fundamental elements of the agreement5. This paper presents the consortium`s ideas on how the international agreement can play the most effective and transformative role in the global transition to a low-carbon and climate-resilient economy as quickly and equitably as possible. The Paris Agreement is the first universal and legally binding global climate agreement adopted at the Paris Climate Change Conference (COP21) in December 2015. As a contribution to the objectives of the agreement, countries have submitted comprehensive national climate protection plans (nationally defined contributions, NDCs). These are not yet sufficient to meet the agreed temperature targets, but the agreement points the way for further action. . . .