It is possible here to strike a balance between the treaties of Lausanne II and the “Nanjing Treaty” that China ceded to Britain after the First Opium War, by signing the Tchenba Agreement, which is to end the first Anglo-Chinese conflict. Among many agreements was a separate agreement with the United States, the Chester concession. In the United States, the treaty was rejected by several political groups, including the Committee against the Treaty of Lausanne (COLT), and on January 18, 1927, the U.S. Senate refused to ratify the treaty by 50 votes to 34, six votes less than the two-thirds requested by the Constitution.  As a result, Turkey cancelled the concession.  In 1839, Britain invaded China to crush opposition to its participation in the country`s economic and political affairs, and one of the main objectives of the British war was the occupation of the island of Hong Kong, populated on the coasts of southeastern China. The new British colony (Hong Kong Island) prospered as it became a shopping centre between East and West and a commercial and commercial centre for southern China, and in 1898 Britain gained an additional 99 years of domination over Hong Kong under the second Beijing Agreement. The “Lausanne II Conference”, which lasted three months and resulted in the signing of the “Treaty of Lausanne”, signed on 24 July 1923 at the “Beau Rivage Plus” hotel in Lausanne, southern Switzerland, by the contractual partners of the victorious powers after the First World War (particularly Great Britain, France and Italy). , and the Ottoman Empire, which presided over its delegation to the conference, Ismet Inonu, and on the basis of which the Ottoman Empire was officially divided, and the Turkish Republic was founded under the presidency of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. In September 1984, after years of negotiations, the British and Chinese signed a formal agreement authorizing the re-island to China in 1997, in exchange for China`s promise to maintain Hong Kong`s capitalist system, and on July 1, 1997, Hong Kong was officially ceded to China, which included a series of high-ranking Chinese and British personalities. , the head of the new government in Hong Kong Tung Chee Hwa , has established a policy based on the concept of “one country, two systems” that retains the role of Hong Kong as a major capitalist center in Asia.
The negotiations took place at the Lausanne conference. Turkey`s chief negotiator was Turkey`s chief negotiator. Lord Curzon, then British Foreign Minister, was the Chief Negotiator of the Allies, while Eleftherios Venizelos negotiated on behalf of Greece. The negotiations lasted many months. The peace conference opened on November 20, 1922; The treaty was signed on 24 July after eight months of painstaking negotiations, interrupted by several Turkish resignations. The delegation also included Admiral Mark L. Bristol, who served as the High Commissioner of the United States and supported Turkey`s efforts.  The modern Turkish Republic was founded under the 1923 Treaty of Lausanne, concluded with the victorious allies of the First World War, they are: the United Kingdom (Britain), Ireland, France, Russia, Italy, the United Kingdom, in need that Britain has developed a series of unjust and painful conditions for the rights of the Ottoman Empire, such as the abolition of the caliphate and the exile of the califean and his family outside Turkey. , and the confiscation of all its property, and the declaration of a secular state, and Turkey`s oil exploration and consider the Bosphorus route that connects between the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara, and then to the Mediterranean as an international corridor that it is not permissible to obtain Turkey royalties from ships passing through it.